Mobile devices have transformed the entire world of digital communication. The need for Internet service that accommodates multiple devices at different locations throughout the home has driven demand for higher-speed connections that don’t require a wired connection to modems or other networking devices.
The most popular types of Internet connections today are broadband and wireless.
Broadband includes most forms of high-speed Internet service, including cable, DSL and wireless connections. Broadband connections are always active, so the term “always on” is sometimes used to refer to them.
Broadband provides subscribers with constant access to the Internet, and it doesn’t interfere with phone service. Broadband is necessary for people who like to view media via the Internet, participate in interactive activities and play games. All forms of broadband connect at much faster speeds, but the technology they use and the transmission rates vary, and the cost of service will also vary. Broadband includes DSL, cable and wireless connections.
DSL – Digital Subscriber Line. All forms of DSL service are typically offered through the telephone company. DSL works by using the existing copper telephone wires within your home. The technology works by forcing the telephone wires to send and receive as much information through the copper wires as possible. DSL doesn’t block your telephone service, so it is possible to use the phone and be on the Internet at the same time.
ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. ADSL offers faster data speeds for downstream information (what you receive) than it does for upstream data (the data you’re sending.) SDSL (Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line) refers to data speeds that are the same in both directions. SDSL is more popular in Europe, whereas ADSL is the common DSL service of North America.
DSL connections require a specific modem to that type of service, and subscribers can either purchase the modem outright or rent one through their service provider and have the rental fee added to their monthly service charge. The strength of a DSL signal depends on the distance between the phone company’s central office. Availability of DSL service is also dependent on the distance a person lives from the phone company facility.
Cable Modem – Cable Internet service uses the same cable lines that deliver your cable TV transmission. Since coaxial cable wires are so thick, they are cable of supporting far more bandwidth than other Internet connections, while using different channels for receiving (downstream) data and sending (upstream) data. Cable service providers appeal to customers by offering bundle packages to make the high-speed Internet service and bigger channel lineup packages more appealing and affordable. Cable broadband service requires that you have a special cable modem to connect to a router.
Home Wi-Fi service with a cable Internet connection are an especially good choice in homes where family members use multiple devices, including Blue-Ray players, gaming devices, tablets, smartphones and computers. Cable Internet service is typically more expensive, and you may or may not be subject to rate increases (unless you lock yourself into a contract with your cable provider).
Wireless Internet Service
The typical way that wireless Internet connections work is by receiving radio waves through a wireless modem that acts as the receiver. Wireless can refer to a LAN (or Local Access Network), the technology that makes Wi-Fi possible in your home, or it can refer to the actual wireless Internet connection provided by the service provider.
The fastest wireless technologies available today are EV-DO (Evolution Data Optimized) service, which is how you’re able to connect to the Internet on your smartphone when not doing so via a Wi-Fi connection. EV-DO service requires a special card, which is present in smartphones when you activate your service.
The other technology is known as WiMax, or Wireless MAN and Air Interface Standard. Wireless MAN refers to a Wireless Metropolitan Access Network. MAN networks deliver high-speed Internet service over some type of digital or fiber optic method. A special type of modem is necessary for this.
This type of connection requires access to cell phone towers to receive the radio wave signals. It is easy to set up a LAN for Wi-Fi access to this type of connection, but reception problems will be the same as any you have with your cell phone service.
Improving Wi-Fi Signal Strength
Most households that have Internet access have created a WLAN (Wireless Local Access Network) to make it possible to use the built-in Wi-Fi capabilities of every device that is regularly used there. In most cases, when Wi-Fi reception isn’t adequate, the problem isn’t related to the Internet connection, but rather to the signal within the home.
There are some simple ways to boost your Wi-Fi signal without having to spend any money, and they may enable your family to get more consistent reception through the entire house.
- Locate the position in your home that is equal distance to every place from which family members connect to the Internet. By moving your router (and modem) to the exact center of your network, the distance to any access point will be exactly the same.
- If you’ve purchased newer devices and the work on a newer platform than other devices, your drivers may not be optimized to accommodate the newer platforms. Heed your router’s requests to update the drivers whenever asked.
- If your router is tucked away in some remote place at the back of the desk where the network is set up, you may be preventing it getting a strong enough signal from your modem. Move your entire network to a place that is as close to the primary place where people access the Internet as possible.
- Mount the router on the wall by hammering nails into wood studs. Routers may have the same sort of holes on the back that picture frames and clocks do. Since the router isn’t very heavy, a couple of heavy-duty nails should be strong enough to keep it on the wall. By putting it out in open, you remove any obstructions that could have weakened the signal. If you live in a multi-level house, you will probably need to have additional routers on each level.